Apr 13, 2009Egypt reports two more H5N1 outbreaksAnimal health officials in Egypt recently reported two new H5N1 avian influenza outbreaks in backyard poultry, according to the Egypt-based Strengthening Avian Influenza Detection and Response (SAIDR). The virus infected 12 chickens in a village in Suez governorate, and the vaccination status of the birds was not known. Meanwhile, the virus hit 34 unvaccinated poultry of various kinds in a village in Beni Suef governorate. The outbreak was detected through active surveillance.Russia targets poultry vaccination to migration hotspotRussia’s agricultural oversight agency, Rosselkhoznadzor, today announced the start of a major push to vaccinate backyard poultry in the Altai region against the H5N1 avian influenza virus, Itar-Tass, Russia’s news agency, reported. Officials said the Altai region is at risk for H5N1 outbreaks because it is on a route for migrating birds from Asia, where the H5N1 virus is more prevalent.Jakarta to consolidate backyard poultryIn an effort to control the spread of the H5N1 avian influenza virus, Indonesia’s agriculture ministry recently announced plans to corral all poultry in residential Jakarta neighborhoods into four centrally located poultry shelters, according to a report in the April issue of Poultry Indonesia magazine. The city government said it will build the four structures and that all chickens in the city must be confined to the areas by Apr 24, 2010. Construction on one shelter, designed to hold 1 million birds, is nearly complete, but work hasn’t begun on the other three.Report says UK won’t urge flu shots for childrenThe United Kingdom’s expert panel on immunization has decided not to recommend influenza vaccination for children, according to Pulse, a weekly newsletter for British physicians. The UK Department of Health had asked its medical advisers to review the issue after a modeling study by Health Protection Agency researchers predicted that vaccinating children could reduce flu in the general population by up to 70%, the report said. But the minutes of the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation make clear that flu shots would not be recommended for children, according to Pulse. Professor Andy Hall, chair of the committee, said there was not enough evidence that current flu vaccines are effective in young children. The British policy contrasts with that of the United States, where the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all children aged 6 months to 18 years receive annual flu immunizations.Chicago health officials track contacts of TB-infected doctorA 26-year-old pediatric resident working in Chicago was diagnosed as having tuberculosis (TB) on Apr 7 and might have exposed patients at three area hospitals to the disease, the Chicago Tribune reported on Apr 11. None of the woman’s patients or coworkers have so far been diagnosed with TB. Though the three hospitals have said the risk to patients is “minimal,” they are contacting patients who were exposed to the resident. Northwestern Memorial Hospital said in an Apr 10 press release that at least 17 patients—some of them women who delivered babies—were exposed to the woman at its Prentice Women’s Hospital between Nov 3 and 19, 2008, and that another 100 may have received care from her. Evanston Hospital said today that a limited number of patients and staff in the facility’s special infant care unit were potentially exposed to the doctor between Feb 11 and Mar 12. She most recently worked at Children’s Memorial Hospital, where hospital officials said she had contact with at least 150 children and more than 300 workers, the Tribune reported. Susan Gerber, MD, chief medical officer of the Chicago Department of Public Health, said the woman’s infection was “susceptible and sensitive” to treatment and that health officials are investigating a trip she made as a medical student in late 2007 to an HIV clinic in Botswana.
Indianapolis, In. — The Indiana State Department of Health (ISDH) is reminding Hoosiers to protect themselves from illness and injury in pools, lakes and other bodies of water as part of Healthy and Safe Swimming Week, which is observed May 20-26, 2019.In Indiana, 114 people died of drowning in 2017. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), an average of 10 people die in the U.S. each day from unintentional drowning.“Each of us plays a role in preventing illnesses and injuries in the water we swim, play and relax in,” said State Health Commissioner Kris Box, M.D., FACOG. “We all should take simple steps to protect ourselves, our friends and our families when heading to the water this summer.”The CDC advises that anyone going into the water have basic swimming skills and that children be supervised in and near water. Children should wear life jackets around natural bodies of water, even if they know how to swim.Drowning isn’t the only danger swimming can pose. In 2018, Indiana had 323 cases of Cryptosporidium, a parasite that can cause a gastrointestinal illness that primarily involves watery diarrhea, stomach cramps and sometimes weight loss. Cryptosporidium can survive for days even in properly chlorinated pools.To reduce the risk of contracting or transmitting a recreational water illness, swimmers should:Avoid swallowing the waterShower before and after getting in the water and thoroughly dry ears after swimmingAvoid urinating or defecating in the water—be sure to take children on frequent restroom breaks, every 1 to 2 hoursCheck diapers and change them in a bathroom or diaper changing area, not poolside, and wash your hands and the child’s after the diaper changeRefrain from swimming or letting children swim for at least two weeks if sick with diarrheaHoosiers who spend time in natural bodies of water should avoid swimming if a blue-green algal bloom is present and after a rain event because rain can wash contaminants like sewage overflows and animal feces into the water. Trash, animal waste and boat waste should be disposed of in designated areas.Natural bodies of water also can contain organisms that can lead to illness, including Naegleria fowleri, an amoeba commonly found in soil and warm freshwater that in rare cases can cause a deadly brain infection. To reduce the risk of exposure, swimmers should avoid warm freshwater when the water temperature is high and the water level is low, avoid putting their head under water and hold their nose shut or use nose clips.Swimmers also should take precautions to prevent sunburn and heat-related illnesses by applying sunscreen often and drinking plenty of fluids. Reapply sunscreen if you stay out in the sun for more than two hours and after swimming, sweating or toweling off.Swimmers experiencing stomach cramps, diarrhea, vomiting, headache, fever, muscle weakness or difficulty breathing should seek medical attention.For more information on recreational water illnesses click here and for information on public swimming pools and spas click here.
Public schools in the Sunshine State will offer a new kind of class soon, based on a growing social issue.Under a mandate that the state’s Board of Education passed on Wednesday, schools will be required to deliver a minimum of five hours of mental health instruction beginning in 6th grade.Education officials proposed the change to the curriculum last month, after discussing it with First Lady Casey DeSantis. She has prioritized the problem on her agenda.The courses will be geared toward helping students to identify signs and symptoms of mental illness, as well as toward finding resources for battling depression or other issues. They will also learn how to help their peers who may be dealing with a mental health disorder.According to Education Commissioner Richard Corcoran, “We are going to reinvent school-based mental-health awareness in Florida, and we will be the number one state in the nation in terms of mental health outreach and school safety, all because of the governor’s and First Lady’s remarkable vision.” He adds that additional changes related to mental health awareness are planned, but did not elaborate.School districts around the state will have the ability to choose the kinds of classes their students will be required to take. Topics to be addressed will include cyberbullying, suicide prevention, and the impact of substance abuse.Mrs. DeSantis says, “We know that 50 percent of all mental illness cases begin by age 14, so we are being proactive in our commitment to provide our kids with the necessary tools to see them through their successes and challenges. Providing mental health instruction is another important step forward in supporting our families.”The implementation date for the new courses, as well as any potential schedule changes needed to fit them in with existing classes, are still being worked out, a Board of Education spokesperson said.
Elsewhere, in the Munster Junior Cup, the game between Clonmel and Bandon has been cancelled. Meanwhile, Munster have a chance to go top of the Guinness Pro-12 table tonight.Anthony Foley’s side play host to league leaders the Glasgow Warriors in Cork knowing that a bonus-point win would see them overhaul the Warriors at the top of the table.Kick-off is at 7.15pm. Nenagh Ormond travel to Stradbrook to take on Blackrock College. While Cashel are away to Seapoint in Kilbogget Park.Both games kick-off at 2.30pm.