Your brain isn’t a computer, but contains a powerful one.Scientists at the University of Cambridge say, “the brain is a really smart statistical machine: it looks for patterns and finds building blocks to construct objects.” For example, you can look at clothing on a mannequin inside a store and infer what the fabric feels like, just by judging its texture and color.Our ability to extract distinct objects from cluttered scenes by touch or sight alone and accurately predict how they will feel based on how they look, or how they look based on how they feel, is critical to how we interact with the world.By performing clever statistical analyses of previous experiences, the brain can immediately both identify objects without the need for clear-cut boundaries or other specialised cues, and predict unknown properties of new objects. The results are reported in the open-access journal eLife.To accomplish this kind of inference, the brain breaks up the stream of information coming at it from the senses into chunks, the press release explains, a bit like pieces of a jigsaw puzzle. Experiments with puzzles showed that subjects correctly inferred the unknown properties from the chunks of known properties.“These results challenge classical views on how we extract and learn about objects in our environment,” said Lengyel. “Instead, we’ve show that general-purpose statistical computations known to operate in even the youngest infants are sufficiently powerful for achieving such cognitive feats.“The paper in eLife did not use any reference to evolution, nor did the press release. Instead, it referred to something non-physical: the abstract reality of concepts.The concept of objects is fundamental to cognition and is defined by a consistent set of sensory properties and physical affordances [properties that the environment offers the individual]. Although it is unknown how the abstract concept of an object emerges, most accounts assume that visual or haptic boundaries are crucial in this process. Here, we tested an alternative hypothesis that boundaries are not essential but simply reflect a more fundamental principle: consistent visual or haptic [touch-related] statistical properties.The coherent organization of information across different modalities is crucial for efficiently interacting with the world and lies at the heart of the concept of what defines an object.[S]tatistical learning goes beyond the learning of simple (pairwise) associations between the constituent components of objects, and has been shown to be best described as the extraction of statistically meaningful (potentially multivariate) latent ‘chunks’). Therefore, we propose that these latent chunks are the abstract representations that are built automatically during exposure and mediate the across-modality effects we observed.Together, these results suggest that statistical learning is not only a domain-general mechanism but it also results in domain-general internal representations that could be the basis for the emergence of affordances and the abstraction of object concepts.The brain, therefore, is adept at combining information and concepts. This sounds more like a top-down process of computational abilities, not a bottom-up pairwise association of sensory perceptions, as John Locke proposed for the emergence of ideas. Any bottom-up mechanical philosophy, in fact, has to presuppose the very abilities of thought that it tries to explain. That includes Darwinism.One doesn’t have to use the silly “inner pickpocket” analogy contrived by the lead author, who said “These results suggest there is a secret, statistically savvy pickpocket in all of us.” Pickpockets might access the ability to infer properties by touch, but they simply use for evil purposes a complex ability with which all of us come endowed by our Creator. The authors did not refer to evolution at all. How could they? A blind, aimless process like natural selection is oblivious to the world of logical inference, statistical inference, and concepts. Those require thought, even if they utilize the tools of neurons. Thought falsifies atheism. C.S. Lewis said,Supposing there was no intelligence behind the universe, no creative mind. In that case, nobody designed my brain for the purpose of thinking. It is merely that when the atoms inside my skull happen, for physical or chemical reasons, to arrange themselves in a certain way, this gives me, as a by-product, the sensation I call thought. But, if so, how can I trust my own thinking to be true? It’s like upsetting a milk jug and hoping that the way it splashes itself will give you a map of London. But if I can’t trust my own thinking, of course I can’t trust the arguments leading to Atheism, and therefore have no reason to be an Atheist, or anything else. Unless I believe in God, I cannot believe in thought: so I can never use thought to disbelieve in God.(Visited 380 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Tags:#Cartoons#web 5 Outdoor Activities for Beating Office Burnout 9 Books That Make Perfect Gifts for Industry Ex… In times of horrific disaster, we want to reach out and help. That’s especially true if we’ve actually seen events unfold in front of us as they happened, whether it’s on live TV or Twitter.For the organizations and agencies that raise money to provide relief, this is a critical time. Potential donors are seized with the urgency of the situation – and are flocking to their websites.Which means usability suddenly takes on even greater importance. Add one form field too many, program in an unnecessary intermediate step, put a button here instead of there, and you can lose those donors… and the money they might have given.That might sound silly and irrational, and it is. Nobody deliberately makes the calculated decision that their compassion for another human being is outweighed by the inconvenience of a poorly-coded pull-down menu.But unconsciously, that’s exactly what happens: some part of our brain figures we’ve clicked one too many times, and bails on a cause we care about. Maybe that doesn’t speak well of us as a species, but it speaks volumes about the importance of usability testing.On the other hand, our less rational sides can sometimes make us donate when we perhaps should be taking a step back and looking critically at the recipient. The folks at Charity Navigator have a series of suggestions for you to consider before you make your contribution to help folks in Japan, and it’s well worth reading.How usability affects online fundraising is just one of the things I’ll be looking to learn more about next week at the Nonprofit Technology Conference in Washington, DC. I’ll be cartoon-blogging the event; if you’re coming too, be sure to say hi.More Noise to Signal. rob cottingham 12 Unique Gifts for the Hard-to-Shop-for People… 4 Keys to a Kid-Safe App Related Posts
Sea plane routes connecting the various islands of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar as well as Hyderabad’s Prakasam Barrage with Nagarjunasagar in Telangana are among the routes being offered to airlines under the fourth round of UDAN scheme.The Ministry of Civil Aviation invited bids for 134 routes under the low-cost flying scheme, also known as Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik (UDAN), on Friday. Interested players can submit their proposals by February 22.Islands of Agatti, Kavaratti, and Mincoy in Lakshadweep have been offered for bidding. Popular islands of Andaman and Nicobar such as Hutbay, Neil, Long Island,Havelock have also been sought to be connected with sea planes under this round of UDAN.On the request of the State government, the Ministry has also invited interest for connecting Prakasam Barrage over Krishna river with Hyderabad as well as Nagarjunasagar dam in Telangana.Last month, the Ministry awarded 235 routes after the successful completion of the third round of bidding for UDAN routes. Players have six months to commence services. These included unserved airports of Andaman and Nicobar at Campbell Bay, Shibpur, Car Nicobar, and six watedromes at Guwahati River Front and Umrangso Reservoir in Assam, Nagarjuna Sagar dam in Telangana, and Shatrunjay Dam and Statue of Unity in Gujarat.Several airports in the northeast region such as Tezpur, Shillong, Passighat and Aizawl have also been offered again for bidding after 56 routes were withdrawn from Air Deccan and Air Odisha because of their failure to provide regular services.Of the 428 routes awarded to airlines under the first two rounds of bidding, 138 have taken off so far.
It’s not for nothing the world is in awe of China for whatever new it does virtually every day. As this huge port city braces for the challenge of hosting the high profile Asian Games, the signs of progress and prosperity can be seen all around.Participants perform during a rehearsal for the opening ceremony of the Asian Games to be held in Guangzhou on Friday.From the bustling Baiyun International Airport to the brand new Asian Games complex is almost an hour-long drive. It criss-crosses through heavy traffic which moves at a fast pace and reflects how the host city has prepared to handle the big event starting on November 12.The flowing highways leading to the Asian Games complex is one journey which actually captures how China has meticulously prepared for an event of this stature.It would seem as a smaller one in comparison to the Olympics held in Beijing in 2008 but in reality, the Asian Games has grown up to be a big event.If one were to compare Guangzhou with how New Delhi hosted the Commonwealth Games, every facet is different.The word corruption cannot be heard here nor do you hear of bickering between agencies involved in the various works, with close to 40 new venues made for a plethora of sporting events.It’s a task which has been completed so well that no where one finds post-construction debris piled up or last-minute coats of paint being applied.For a country where there is virtually no scope for organisational glitches, more than big personalities involved in the work, the faces of volunteers are so different.advertisementBack in 2008, much as volunteers in Beijing tried hard to speak in English, it was a struggle for the non-Chinese to deal with them. From something as simple as asking for a subway route or giving instructions to a cab driver, unless you had addresses written in Chinese, it was a struggle.Now, in a matter of two years, the change is huge and stark. Cheerful volunteers in Guangzhou are not the only ones who are conscious they have to speak English to be understood and be helpful.Even those who have been hardcore ‘Chinese’ realise that the importance of English, and are making an effort to converse in one of the most widely spoken languages around the globe.The signage around the Asian Games sub-city is mostly in English and for people who have been coming to this country repeatedly, this is a big change. Old timers recall how in 1990, when Beijing hosted the Asian Games, it reflected the old China.People then were actually hesitant to interact with people from outside the country. Today, there is no such hesitancy in Guangzhou as from the young college kid — who has taken it as a challenge to be a volunteer – to a waiter in a hotel, the desire to speak English is pronounced.For those who have watched sport for decades and seen China grow, they swear this country is dead serious about not just producing champions but also how it wants to be seen as a nation which can host any big event.Undoubtedly, after the success of the Olympics in 2008, holding an Asian Games is being seen as something simple.But the bigger picture is how China could again emerge as one of the strong contenders for hosting yet another edition of an Olympics in the future.At a time when India doesn’t know whether or not to bid for the 2019 Asian Games, China’s message to the world is loud and clear.If it comes to the 2024 Olympics or the ones in 2028, they may well again throw their hats in the ring.And this is why the world sees China with admiration and awe. It’s a big achievement for a nation to hold Olympics and Asian Games within a gap of two years. China sure is a superpower today.
The world’s premier sports magazine, Sports Illustrated, and news channel Headlines Today, gave away sports awards in Bangalore on Thursday. Among the fourteen awards that were given away, Ramakant Achrekar, the coach of Sachin Tendulkar and Vinod Kambli, got the Lifetime Achievement Award. Somdev Devvarman bagged the Athlete of the Year Award. Besides his stellar performances in the Commonwealth Games and the Asiad, his consistent climb up the ATP charts definitely makes 2010 his year of reckoning. The Sportskid of the Year Award went to Wasim Jaffer’s nephew Arman Jaffer, who scored 498 in 490 balls in the Giles Shield in December last year. The Asiad Gold winning 4×400 meter relay quartet bagged the award for the Best Sporting Moment of the Year. Karnataka’s Ashwini Akunji received the award on behalf of her teammates. While Indian cricket coach Gary Kirsten got the Coach of the Year Award, Indian Test Team bagged the Team of the Year award, a fitting tribute to the team, which had climbed to the top of ICC Test ratings and stayed there despite all odds. The Sportsperson of the Year Award went to master blaster Sachin Tendulkar.
India started their campaign at the BDO Hamburg Masters hockey tournament on a disappointing note, losing 3-6 to world number three Holland at the Ulhenhoster hockey Club in Hamburg, Germany.Bob de Voogd (9th minute), Robbert Kemperman (17th), Jeroen Hertzburger (22nd), Klaas Vermeulen (34th), Mink ven der Weerden (46th) and Constantijn Jonker (60th Min) were the goal-scorers for the Dutch side, while the Indian marksmen were Dhananjay Mahadik (18th), Sandeep Singh (43rd) and Ravi Pal (52nd).India will next play world number two and Olympic champions Germany, who beat Japan 5-3 in another match on Friday.Against Holland, India started the encounter in a lethargic fashion, which resulted in numerous unforced errors in the deep defence.Except for Sardar Singh, who played his heart out, Indian defenders wore a sorry look as the Dutch caught them on the wrong footing with frequent position interchange and quick passes.The continuous pressure by the Dutch forwardline yielded result in the ninth minute when de Voogd scored in the ninth minute from a Verga cross.Eight minutes later, Kemperman encashed on a pass from a turnover in the Indian midfield to make it 2?0.India, however, reduced the margin in the next minute from their first short corner when captain Mahadik slotted the home to the Dutch goalkeeper’s left with a carpet flick.But Holland fired back in the 22nd and 34th minutes with goals from Hertzburger and Vermeulen to go into the breather with an impressive 4-1 lead.Eight minutes into the second half, India pulled another back when drag-flciker Sandeep Singh scored from their second penalty corner.advertisementBut India’s comeback hopes dashed when Mink ven der Weerden made it 5-2 in the 46th minute from Holland’s third penalty corner.Shortly after the goal, Tushar Khandker missed the target with a reverse flick off a Ravi Pal pass.Ravi Pal then scored in the 52nd minute to make it 5-3 and give India glimmer of a hope.But it was not to be India’s day as Holland completed their tally when Jonker scored after he was set up by Vermeulen in the 60th minute to pocket full three points from the high-scoring encounter.
Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting MOST READ The Los Angeles Lakers of 2000-02 — led by Kobe Bryant and Shaquille O’Neal — are the last team to capture three straight titles.Golden State advanced without Durant, the reigning two-time finals MVP, and Cousins. Both were sidelined with injuries for the entire Western Conference finals. The finished off Portland without Andre Iguodala, another finals MVP who sat out Game 4 with an injury.While the Bucks and Raptors are slugging it out in the East, the Warriors are rehabbing.“I hope it doesn’t go unnoticed or underrated. Five straight finals hasn’t been done since the 60s, since Bill Russell’s Celtics,” fifth-year Warriors coach Steve Kerr said. “Hasn’t been done for a reason: It’s really, really difficult. I just can’t say enough about the competitive desire about the group of players that we have here and the culture that they have built together, playing together regardless of injury.”Each Warriors run has been unique. When they won in 2015 it was the first title for the franchise in 40 years.LeBron James and the Cleveland Cavaliers derailed them in 2016, but the Warriors bounced back in 2017 with a dominant 16-1 record during the postseason.Last year, Golden State joined Russell’s Celtics, Michael Jordan’s Chicago Bulls and trio of Lakers teams — including George Mikan and company in the 1950s, Magic Johnson and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar in the ’80s, and Shaquille O’Neal and Kobe Bryant nearly 20 years ago — as the only franchises in NBA history to capture three championships in four years.“When I was here the first time, they rebuilt and retooled,” said Andrew Bogut, a member of the 2015 title team before rejoining the Warriors in March.“They didn’t just sit on their hands thinking it was going to last forever. They freed up cap space, you have to give (general manager) Bob Myers, (owner) Joe Lacob and the coaching staff a lot of credit. There are a lot of teams that win a championship and kind of reward the whole roster, then they end up two-three years down the track and end up in a bit of a hole. Whereas this is a great run for a franchise that will end up as one of the all-time greats.”The Warriors enjoy playing together and with so many selfless stars and a deep bench they are rarely out of any game. That doesn’t mean it has been easy, especially with the constant free agency chatter this season.Durant is an impending free agent and the basketball world continues to speculate on his next move. Thompson’s future with the Warriors is unclear as well, while Green is signed through next season.“We know that these runs don’t last forever, and obviously there are so many questions and things that could possibly happen with this team this summer,” Green said. “So want to try to take advantage of this opportunity and make the most of it, and deal with the things that come after whenever those things arrive, but right now we’re focused on the task at hand and try to do something that hasn’t been done in a long time, or many times.”The Warriors are aware of the dynasty talk, but aren’t labeling themselves. They have consistently said their focus is the task of raising another banner in the final season at Oracle Arena before the franchise moves into Chase Center in San Francisco to begin 2019-20.“I don’t think in those terms. It’s just every opportunity we have to play, these are big moments, big games,” Curry said, “and the context of what this five-year run has been and all that stuff doesn’t really dominate my mind when we’re out there competing.” PDEA chief backs Robredo in revealing ‘discoveries’ on drug war Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next LATEST STORIES Two-day strike in Bicol fails to cripple transport Catholic schools seek legislated pay hike, too The Golden State Warriors players pose with the Western Conference Championship trophy after Game 4 of the NBA basketball playoffs Western Conference finals against the Portland Trail Blazers Monday, May 20, 2019, in Portland, Ore. The Warriors won 119-117 in overtime. (AP Photo/Craig Mitchelldyer)OAKLAND, Calif. — Stephen Curry hears the dynasty discussion about his Golden State Warriors during another postseason run.Draymond Green realizes special teams only stay together for so long before something breaks them apart.ADVERTISEMENT Ethel Booba twits Mocha over 2 toilets in one cubicle at SEA Games venue Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess That’s why the Warriors decided from Day 1 of training camp to cherish this season.Golden State is a franchise in its prime — five straight trips to the NBA Finals and seeking a third consecutive title. But the clock is ticking and the Warriors are well aware of the possible ramifications of free agency and how things could change in a hurry this summer.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logistics“Basketball careers aren’t that long. If you can get 10 out of it, you’re lucky,” Green explained. “To be to five straight finals, I don’t even know what to say about it. This is what you play for. This is our goal every year and to get here five straight times is special.”The Warriors started this run with three All-Stars in Curry, Green and Klay Thompson. They added two more in Kevin Durant and DeMarcus Cousins. How many they’ll have after free agency is any and everyone’s guess. ‘Rebel attack’ no cause for concern-PNP, AFP Steph Curry shares admiration for PH, Pacquiao PLAY LIST 04:06Steph Curry shares admiration for PH, Pacquiao04:26Deaf personalities everyone should know03:13Steph Curry dances and dazzles in Manila return02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Raptors’ one-and-done gamble on verge of paying off View comments Curry — with nearly 11-month-old son Canon regularly in his arms for the ride — is certainly relishing this stretch of his decorated career, appreciating how far the Warriors have come during the 10 years he has been in the league.A third straight title is suddenly within reach, which would be Golden State’s fourth championship in five years.“We know what’s at stake and what we’re chasing this year, this series, this game, and that’s the only way that you can really put your best foot forward in terms of trying to get back to the mountaintop,” Curry said. “We’ll have plenty of time when we hang the sneakers up to really go back and think about all the different experiences and highs and lows, but right now, we’re two games away from another finals appearance. It’s pretty special.”The Warriors are the first team to reach five straight finals since the Celtics advanced to 10 in a row from 1957-1966.Another championship would cement this run of titles among the best ever.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew