Categories
dukxgcmyi

UK: H5N1 outbreak may be linked to wild birds, lax biosecurity

first_imgNov 29, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – The initial epidemiologic report, released today, on the United Kingdom’s recent outbreaks of H5N1 avian influenza in Suffolk said the source of the virus is unknown but could have been wild birds.The 24-page report from the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), released on the department’s Web site, said the H5N1 virus infected poultry at the Redgrave Farm facility near Diss, then was transmitted by vehicles, people, or other means to a second farm owned by the same company.The outbreak was confirmed at the first farm on Nov 13 and at the second farm 6 days later, according to previous reports.Investigators have so far ruled out the possibility that infected poultry or poultry products, or the vehicles or people transporting them from other counties, played a role in spreading the virus to the commercial farm, which housed turkeys, ducks, and geese.”Wild birds cannot be ruled out as a source of infection,” DEFRA said in a press release today. “To date, there is no evidence of H5N1 infection in the local wild bird population or in GB [Great Britain] as a whole, but the continued surveillance may help clarify the infection status of the wild bird population.”Among other details in the report, most of the infected birds on the first farm were turkeys, but a few ducks were sick as well. The findings suggest an initial introduction of the virus into one of the groups of turkeys, rather than widespread exposure of poultry on the farm.Genetic analysis of virus samples from birds on the two affected farms revealed that the birds were infected from a single source and that the virus most closely resembled an isolate from wild birds from the Czech Republic that was detected in mid 2007, the report said.The isolate is distinct from the one involved in a February H5N1 outbreak at the Bernard Matthews turkey farm in Holton.Samples from poultry on the farms that supplied birds to the two Redgrave Farm facilities tested negative, and all of the birds were hatched in Great Britain, the report said.Investigators identified two key biosecurity concerns. One was that farm workers who traveled between the facilities did not follow simple measures such as changing clothing, disinfecting their boots, and sanitizing the feed buckets they carried to feed birds. Another was that the first affected farm, a free-range facility, was likely to attract not only migratory waterfowl from a nearby ornamental farm but also “bridge” species such as gulls.DEFRA said its surveillance, testing, and epidemiologic work on the outbreak was continuing.See also:Nov 15 CIDRAP News story “H5N1 suspected at second British farm”last_img read more

Categories
rkudyhunw

Januzaj becomes gym bunny

first_img Januzaj enjoyed a stunning breakthrough season under David Moyes last year, but he has struggled to make the United XI on a regular basis since Louis van Gaal took over. The 20-year-old has started just seven Barclays Premier League games under the Dutchman, although a change in formation – and the poor form of Angel Di Maria – means the Belgian has gained more playing time on the wings as a substitute recently. Adnan Januzaj has been spending extra time in the gym in an attempt to bulk up and become faster. Press Association Januzaj revealed recently that he prefers to operate as a number 10, but Van Gaal looks set to continue playing him out wide given that Di Maria is suspended for Sunday’s game against Tottenham. And the slight Belgian has been putting in the hard yards in the gym to ensure he is capable of taking on and beating defenders for pace. “I do a lot of work in the gym. I am trying to be faster and stronger so I can be tougher when I go out on the pitch,” Januzaj told United’s website. “I am doing a lot of short, sharp stuff so, when I turn a defender or go past a player, I can just get a few metres away from them with my acceleration.” United fans are used to watching fast wingers speed up and down the flanks at Old Trafford, but more often than not, they have been subjected to slow, unimaginative performances from their team this season. United may have lost just two of their last 18 Premier League games, but Van Gaal has come in for criticism because of the team’s style of play. Former Barcelona and Chelsea assistant, Henk Ten Cate, who spent a year with Van Gaal while he was doing his training badges, thinks United should stick with his compatriot though. “You have to give him time because, for me, he is one of the best coaches there is,” Ten Cate told talkSPORT. “I worked closely with him for one year when I was going through the stages to get my coaching licence. I saw what he was doing and the only thing he has to do is get used to the way of playing in England. “If the owners of the club gave him that much confidence and that much money to spend, it is not a good thing to say goodbye to the coach after one season because it is starting to become his team. “He needs a little more time but I am almost positive that he is going to surprise Britain with his (style of) football.” Ten Cate admits United’s play has not been up to Van Gaal’s standards so far, however. “I know him well and he is the kind of guy who doesn’t just go for results, he wants his teams to play good football. He has proved that in the past,” Ten Cate said. “Right now at Manchester United the way they are playing is absolutely not good. But it is not the style of Van Gaal.” last_img read more