History and development of physical education and sport

first_imgThroughout history, sports have played a variety of important functions in society as a form of recreation; preparation for war or the hunt; or later, as a substitute for war. Sports have undergone many changes; some have stayed much the same (e.g. wrestling); while others have adapted with the times. New sports are always being invented and developed. Medieval Sports After the fall of Rome came the Dark Ages. It was a time of much religious change and political conflict around the world. There was increase in wealth and interest in the arts and the sciences. In Europe, social class determined the sport in which one participated. Royalty and the aristocracy hunted, played cricket, watched horseracing, and fenced. The most famous sports in medieval times were jousting on horseback with lances. This was done by knights practising their fighting skills in mock battles. Sports were mostly associated with the Church and were played by peasants on holy days and festivals. An activity such as mob football was a chance for the entire village to get together and let off steam. The games had very few rules, if any, and were more of a free for all and were not played very often because they could be extremely violent and people even died. One of the oldest recorded forms of sports was bull-leaping in the Greek island of Crete, where slaves jumped over the horns of a bull. The ancient Greeks were lovers of sport and taught it to their children at school. The main activities were wrestling, running, jumping, discus and javelin, ball games, gymnastics, and riding as well as military skills. Sporting competitions took place regularly as part of religious festivals. It was also in Greece that the Olympic Games started in 776 BC and were linked to religious festivals. Each athlete had to take part in all the events. Many of the sports were linked to the training given to soldiers, and many such as discus and javelin are still in the modern Olympic Games. Roman sports were influenced by the Greeks, but they added their own emphasis. Chariot racing and gladiator fights were held at large sporting events. Individuals or teams of men would fight animals or each other to death. The Roman Games were big occasions, usually paid for by the emperor, making them popular with the people. The gladiator fights were extremely violent and were normally done by slaves and prisoners. Roman sporting activities also included animal hunts, wrestling, running, boxing, pentathlon (which consisted of running, jumping, discus, spear throwing, and wrestling) and pancratium, which was a combination of wrestling, boxing, and martial arts. The competitors were called athletae and trained full time as professionals. They became celebrities in the Roman society and enjoyed many privileges. Industrial Revolution At the start of the 19th century, sports became more organised and the development of modern sports started. Machinery was developed and used in the production of goods. This resulted in movement of the population from rural areas to towns to seek employment in these industries, and this had a great impact on sport. There was not enough space in the industrialised towns to play the sports they knew from their villages. Also, working for long hours did not leave them with much energy to play sports they knew from their villages. The village games died and new sports took their place. This new breed of labourers became watchers of sports instead of participators. The development of railways allowed for spectators and teams to travel around the country to watch and compete in sports, leading to the development of competitive leagues and cup competitions.center_img 20th Century Several factors have had an effect on sports since the start of the 20th century. More persons are not only playing, but also watching. Sports have become more organised. New rules have been developed, and some sports revised to formed new ones. The value of games on the development of character was recognised as learned sportsmanship and leadership, and a willingness to abide by rules emerged. One of the most significant developments is the growth of televised sports. Sports will continue to change and develop in the future as technology progresses. The standard of sports has continued to be influenced by social change, commercialisation, media, sponsorship, government, and education. – Send queries and questions to: jenelbro119@hotmail.com. Sports in ancient timeslast_img read more

Luka Doncic helps Mavs top Pelicans to end 6-game skid

first_imgGretchen Barretto’s daughter Dominique graduates magna cum laude from California college Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LATEST STORIES Davis missed another 3 with a chance to tie in the final seconds, and Doncic got the rebound again to finish one rebound shy of a triple-double. He had 10 assists in the first of two straight games between these teams.All five losses on the New Orleans skid have been by single digits.“The same stuff. We can’t close out a game,” Davis said after his 23rd double-double. “I thought we were fighting on the road. Things just weren’t going our way.”Harris and fellow backup guard J.J. Barea carried the Mavericks through most of the fourth quarter.The 3 from Harris after faking the shot twice and a pass once was part of his 10-point quarter on the way to 16 for the game, while Barea went 3 of 3 from deep and scored 11 of his 18 points in the fourth. Barea had seven assists and five rebounds.ADVERTISEMENT SEASON HIGH FOR DIRKDirk Nowitzki scored a season-high seven points while playing in the second half for the second time in his six games. The 40-year-old hit a 3 late in the third quarter to top his previous high of three points.Nowitzki is in his 21st season with one team, an NBA record. The 13-time All-Star missed the first 26 games with a longer-than-expected recovery from left ankle surgery in April. He became the sixth NBA player with 900 career wins, after the Mavericks lost his first five games.RARE DOUBLE-DOUBLETeams playing two games in a row against each other, as the Mavericks and Pelicans will do, isn’t that unusual. Consecutive sets of such games are a little strange, though. Dallas will do that with two straight against Oklahoma City on back-to-back nights Sunday and Monday.UP NEXTThe teams play again Friday in New Orleans.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Ginebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup title ‘Mia’: Rom-com with a cause a career-boosting showcase for Coleen Garcia Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award View comments After winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkcenter_img Japeth Aguilar embraces role, gets rewarded with Finals MVP plum The Mavericks ended a streak of five straight games of allowing at least 120 points while stopping a losing skid that had matched their season high.“Every little thing that happened positively for us has to happen for us to win that game,” coach Rick Carlisle said. “When you have lost six and are desperate to get a win, this is the kind of win you have to have.”Jrue Holiday scored 25 points for New Orleans, and Julius Randle had 23 points, including 11-of-13 shooting on free throws, against his hometown team.TIP-INSPelicans: The other double-figure scorer was Frank Jackson with 10. … Tim Frazier had nine points and seven assists. … Davis had his 12th 30-point game of the season.Mavericks: Nowitzki passed Karl Malone for fourth on the career list of games played at 1,477. Nowitzki has a chance to catch John Stockton (1,504) for third. Malone and Stockton spent 18 seasons together in Utah. … Jordan was 7 of 7 from the field in his fifth straight double-double and 22nd of the season. … Harrison Barnes scored 16 points and Maxi Kleber had 10. … The Mavericks are 14-3 at home with wins in 12 of their past 13 games.BLOCK PARTYKleber had a career-high six blocks as the Mavericks finished with a season-high 13 less than a week after their first game this season with zero. The LA Clippers shot 57 percent in that 125-121 win over Dallas.ERRANT STEPThe Pelicans had just 10 turnovers, but two were for stepping out of bounds in the first half, when they had their biggest lead of nine points. “That’s elementary school,” coach Alvin Gentry said. “You can’t step out of bounds when we throw you the ball.” MOST READ Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil No.13 lucky for Orlando Bloom Dallas Mavericks forward Luka Doncic smiles as time expires during the the team’s NBA basketball game against the New Orleans Pelicans in Dallas, Wednesday, Dec. 26, 2018. The Mavericks won 122-119. (AP Photo/LM Otero)DALLAS — Devin Harris faked once, twice, three times before making a 3-pointer in a big fourth quarter for the Dallas Mavericks.There was no such hesitation from 19-year-old Luka Doncic on the decisive play in the final minute.ADVERTISEMENT Phivolcs: Slim probability of Taal Volcano caldera eruption Doncic scored 21 points, including the tiebreaking free throws with 30 seconds left, and the Mavericks ended a six-game losing streak with a 122-119 victory against the New Orleans Pelicans on Wednesday night.The rookie sensation drove down the right wing past Julius Randle, and after shaking off his anger over not getting the continuation call when he made the layup, Doncic connected on both free throws for a 121-119 lead.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSJapeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for GinebraSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back Chriss“I mean, he’s a rookie. He’s going to have to work for some of those calls,” said center DeAndre Jordan, who had 20 points and 12 rebounds. “He’s a big, strong body down there who doesn’t shy away from the contact.”Doncic did get to the line plenty. The Slovenian guard made his first 11 before missing his final free throw after rebounding a miss on a 3-pointer from Anthony Davis, who had 32 points and 18 rebounds in the fifth consecutive loss for the Pelicans. NBA has most-watched Christmas slate of games since 2011last_img read more

Crematoriums Urgently Needed Throughout Liberia

first_imgThe government has itself admitted that Liberia today faces the worst health crisis in its history—the Ebola pandemic.  Never before have our people been dropping dead by the minute all over the country. Even the founding fathers and mothers and the brothers and sisters they met on the ground in 1822, leading to the establishment of the republic and beyond, did not drop dead like this.  Remember, they   were totally unprepared for the deadly malaria disease.  But most survived it. Elijah Johnson, who led his colleagues from Shebro Island in Sierra Leone to Providence Island, survived until he became part of the Constitutional Convention of 1847.  He signed the Declaration of Independence on July 26 that year; witnessed the first election that produced Joseph Jenkins Roberts as our first President; fathered our nation’s 11th President, Hilary Richard Wright Johnson; and died in 1849, after making sure Liberia had become an  independent republic.Our infant and maternal mortality rates are still high, but here, too, we have made steady progress, especially in the past several years.But this Ebola tragedy is something else, totally different from anything we have ever experienced.  It is a drastic disease that calls for drastic responses.One such response relates to how we dispose of bodies—the disease’s deadly denouement.We would like to propose the building of CREMATORIA (CREMATORIUMS) throughout  Liberia.  Why?    We make this call in grateful  recognition of one of the great blessings the good Lord has bestowed upon Liberia: PLENTIFUL WATER! Few of us yet know exactly how many rivers Liberia has, but they are numerous.  Most of us know the major ones—the St. Paul, Mano, Farmington, the Du, Marshall, St. John, Cavala, Cestos, Lofa and the Makona.  But there are many more. We also know of Liberia’s two great lakes—Lake Piso in Grand Cape Mount County and Lake Shepherd in Maryland County.  Lake Piso is so huge and sometimes so rough that President Tubman called it “an inland sea.”There are yet numerous creeks, including the Stockton.What does all this mean and what is its relevance to Ebola?  It means that because of all this water, the country’s water table is VERY HIGH, and this is especially true in Montserrado, Margibi. Grand Bassa, Cape Mount and some other counties.     And what does the water table have to do with Ebola?  EVERYTHING!  International economists and hydrological experts have warned that the world’s next looming crisis which, if we are not careful, could provoke war, is  WATER—or the scarcity thereof.  This economic and geophysical reality places Liberia in an enviable position—for it means that one day, in addition to our minerals, rubber and hopefully petroleum, we could also be exporting WATER as a foreign exchange earner.  But . . .And here’s the BIG BUT: Liberia could one day become a water power IF—and this is, again, a BIG IF, IF we do not contaminate our water with the Ebola dead!What do we mean?  We mean that this habit this our  government has of burying Ebola dead all over the place is dangerously unnecessary and amounts to a slap in the face of our Creator who has blessed us with all this water.It has been said that when bodies are “properly sprayed and buried” the virus will die.  But how many bodies are properly handled?  We submit that this is a big risk.Do we remember that the people in Johnsonville, Montserrado County, are now  afraid to drink from their river because of the Ebola bodies that were dumped near it several weeks ago?GOL should adopt a policy declaring that ALL Ebola bodies should be CREMATED.  We understand that just last Saturday an Ebola body, belonging to GOL itself, was buried in Thinkers’ Village in Paynesville, a city with one of the highest water tables in the land.We appeal to GOL to STOP immediately burying Ebola bodies and start CREMATING them. Let us take advantage of the many Indians in the country who know all about cremations and how to do them.  They can help us build crematoria in all nine of the affected counties.  GOL should build at least two crematoria in every county, and four in the larger counties; then make it illegal to bury any Ebola body.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Police nab 4 en route to commit robbery

first_imgFour occupants of two motorcars bearing false registration plates were on Friday afternoon intercepted in the vicinity of Sheriff and Duncan Streets, by members of the Guyana Police Force.Based on information received, Police trailed the men after suspecting that theThree of the men lying face down on the roadway immediately after their arrestregistration plates on the vehicles were false, and subsequently intercepted them.A search conducted on the vehicles and the occupants unearthed several items that are mainly used to commit robbery. The Police also reportedly discovered an illegal gun and several matching rounds of ammunition, as well as number plates in the vehicles.The men were reportedly travelling in a Toyota Carina 212 and a Toyota Allion. Guyana Times understands that after the occupants of the vehicles realised that they were being trailed, they attempted to evade the lawmen, but the ranks called their counterparts, which led to their arrest.When contacted, Crime Chief Wendell Blanhum told this publication that the Police received a tip-off that the men were going to a location to commit a robbery. He noted that due to swift action by the Police, the men were intercepted.He however, confirmed that two of the men who were arrested during the operation are wanted by the Police. He noted that one of the men is wanted for a number of armed robberies in D Division (West Bank Demerara-East Bank Essequibo) and another has an arrest warrant issued for his arrest in connection with similar crimes.In addition, he noted that the other two men are from Berbice but stayed at a house at Sophia, Greater Georgetown. Blanhum stated that the Police in B Division (Berbice) have been contacted to verify if the men are wanted in that district.Meanwhile, the four men will be placed in an identification parade to determine if they were involved in any other crimes.The gun that was found in the possession of one of the men will also be tested to determine if it was used in the commissioning of any other crimes.last_img read more

Frank Lampard wants to bring another former Chelsea star to Derby County

first_img Kalou is now a hero at Germany side Hertha Berlin – but is a return to England on the cards? 3 Kalou and Lampard are still close friends having spent six years together at Chelsea Lampard is looking to bolster his squad having been confirmed as the new Rams head coach last month.The Chelsea legend has already been linked with moves for former team-mate John Terry, as well as young Blues defender Jay Dasilva.And, according to SportBild, Hertha Berlin star Kalou is also on the new boss’ radar.The Ivory Coast international played alongside Lampard for six years at Stamford Bridge – winning the Premier League and Champions League titles, plus four FA Cups, and scoring 60 goals in 254 appearances.He left the Blues in 2012 to join Ligue 1 side Lille, before moving on again in 2014 to Hertha – where he has become a firm fan favourite. 3 Kalou, who turns 33 in August, is still in fine goalscoring form in Germany – he netted 12 times last season, and has a total of 43 goals in 133 appearances for the Bundesliga side.The forward is under contract with Hertha until 2020, but Bild claim they would be willing to sell for a “double-digit million offer”.That could prove a stumbling block for Lampard, with Derby chairman Mel Morris saying there will be no “significant” investment in the summer market.The Rams chief also said it was his intention to reduce the club’s wage bill over Financial Fair Play fears. 3 New Derby County manager Frank Lampard wants to bring former Chelsea team-mate Salomon Kalou to Pride Park this summer, according to reports in Germany. Could Salomon Kalou join Frank Lampard at Derby? last_img read more

COUNTDOWN TO CROKER – PICTURES OF THE DAY

first_imgAmy-rose McClleland Patterson {4} from letterkenny with the van from aps LetterkennyTHANKS to everyone who has sent in your Donegal pix ahead of next weekend’s All-Ireland.Here’s a few more!Believe! chilling in McGuinness’s bar in Tenerife after the victory over Cork!Maureen McFadden In the Big Apple writes: This is a photo of my Niece (Emily aged 8) and Nephew’s (Fadden aged 11, Neil aged 1 ½ & Charlie 5 months) Harpur, in Yonkers New York, showing their support for Donegal for the All Ireland!!!!Eoin Ferry, Gweedore and Joe Ward , Belcruit taking time out from work in Doncaster to decorate their “Harley” for the journey to Croker..Hope u make it on time boys!!!!!!!!!!!! Busy supporting Jim and the team in Malin!Colaiste Ailigh staff go Gaa Gaa with the Donegal colours COUNTDOWN TO CROKER – PICTURES OF THE DAY was last modified: September 15th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:COUNTDOWN TO CROKER – PICTURES OF THE DAYlast_img read more

JOB VACANCY: DONEGAL CAR DEALERSHIP LOOKING FOR NEW SALES EXECUTIVE

first_imgJOB VACANCY: Due to continued expansion DMG Motors are currently looking for an Experienced Sales Executive for  their busy SKODA dealership in Co. Donegal. Responsibilities and Duties:Achieve monthly sales targets for new and used vehicles and related products.Deliver a first class customer experience.Carry out accurate appraisals of all vehicles offered for part exchange.Prospect for new and used vehicle customers to create additional sales opportunities.Comply with Skoda sales process requirements and standards.Work closely with the Sales Manager on all Sales related matters.The ideal candidate will have: A minimum of 2 years Automotive Sales experience.Excellent communication, negotiation and interpersonal skills.Possess good IT and administration skills.Have excellent attention to detail.Work well as part of a team.Hold a full, valid and current driving licence.Previous experience or knowledge of the brand is desirable.Knowledge of automotive financing and ancillary products and services is an advantage.Please submit a CV and Cover letter outlining your experience to:DMG Motors LtdClar Road,DonegalCo. Donegal Or via email to: rory.mcginty@dmgmotors.ieClosing Date for Applications is Friday 16th October 2015 @ 2pm.JOB VACANCY: DONEGAL CAR DEALERSHIP LOOKING FOR NEW SALES EXECUTIVE was last modified: October 6th, 2015 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

LIST: Find an evening course to boost your career prospects with the Donegal ETB

first_imgInterested in improving your Skills and Career Prospects? Then why not consider doing an evening course with Donegal ETB:The Donegal ETB Letterkenny and Gweedore Training Centres are now enrolling for Evening Courses starting from Monday February 5th 2018Whether it’s IT skills, business, beauty or services and skills, there’s something for everyone to boost their knowledge and improve their qualifications.  If you are in receipt of a social welfare allowance these courses ‘may be available to you free of charge’ as part of the evening course fee waiver scheme. Contact your local DSP office for clarification on fee waiver scheme. All courses are certified on the “National Framework of Qualifications from Levels 3-6”.All classes run 6-10pm or 7-10 pm in the Letterkenny Training Centre Please consult www.donegaletb.ie for course fees. To apply on-line www.fetchcourses.ieCheck out all the innovative courses with places available in Letterkenny: Information Technology CoursesDIGITAL IMAGING USING PHOTOSHOPICS CertificationCOMPUTER BASICS – EQUALSKILLSICS CertificationADVANCED DIGITAL IMAGINGAdobe CertificationADVANCED SPREADSHEETSECDL AdvancedAdvanced Web DesignWeb DesignJava Foundations(Oracle Certified)Database Fundamentals – MicrosoftMTAECDL-Latest Version (2 Nights a week)Business and Administration CoursesTraining & Development (Level 6)(2 Nights a week)SUPERVISORY MANAGEMENT(Level 6)Payroll Manual & Computerised(Level 5)Bookkeeping Manual & Computerised(Level 5)Business Administration(Level 5)Beauty Industry CoursesMANICURE & PEDICUREITEC CertificationCREATIVE STYLING (Hairdressing – Level 5)Basic Hairdressing(Level 3Barbering(Level 5)Certificate in Make-UpNail TechnologyITEC CertificationBeauty Industry CoursesMANICURE & PEDICUREITEC CertificationCREATIVE STYLING (Hairdressing – Level 5)Basic Hairdressing(Level 3Barbering(Level 5)Certificate in Make-UpNail TechnologyITEC CertificationEvening Courses starting in Gweedore Training centre February 2018Oil Fired Appliances Servicing – OFTEC Part Time (Training Services)Payroll- Manual and Computerised(Level 5)Bookkeeping Manual & Computerised – (Level 5)Computer Basics (Word Processing, Internet Skills and Email Skills) – ICS CertificationCertificate in Make-up (ITEC Certification)Manicure/Pedicure (ITEC Certification)Courses will run subject to sufficient demand.For further information contact:Donegal ETB Letterkenny Training CentreBallyraine Industrial EstateRamelton RoadLetterkenny.Tel: 0749120527Email: eveningclassesltc@donegaletb.ie LIST: Find an evening course to boost your career prospects with the Donegal ETB was last modified: January 19th, 2018 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Donegal ETBeducationevening coursestraininglast_img read more

Junior Davis shines in final start of the summer as Crabs top Bercovich 12-0

first_imgARCATA >> The sizeable rooting section for Junior Davis has been there since his first start back in early June.In his final start of the 2016 season, Davis certainly gave that rooting section, which has never diminished in size or pure vigor, plenty of reason to make noise.Davis put forth one of his best starts of the season in the Humboldt Crabs’ 12-0 win Wednesday night, giving up all of two hits in seven shutout innings to put a cherry on top of a fantastic summer for the Hoopa Valley …last_img