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A complicated Lincoln

first_imgA collection of scholars painted a complex, complicated, and rich picture of the nation’s 16th president during a two-day symposium at Harvard April 24-25.To honor the 200th anniversary of Lincoln’s birth, the Houghton Library, the Lincoln Forum, and the Lincoln Group of Boston co-sponsored the event, titled “Abraham Lincoln at 200: New Perspectives on His Life and Legacy.”The bicentennial celebration was complemented by an exhibit at the Houghton Library, on view from Jan. 20 through April 25, with a display of more than 80 articles, including letters, art, and ephemera. The materials are a small part of Harvard College Library’s vast Lincoln holdings, composed of the major Lincoln collections that were donated by Alonzo Rothschild in 1916 and William Whiting Nolan in 1924.John Stauffer, Harvard’s chair of the the History of American Civilization doctoral program, and professor of English and African and African American studies, opened the symposium with an examination of Lincoln’s relationship with famed abolitionist Frederick Douglass. The distinguished pair’s three meetings at the White House, noted Stauffer, represented “a rich symbol of democracy in a multiracial nation,” adding that while they didn’t share the same politics, they were “working together for a common goal in society.”Stauffer, whose most recent book is “Giants: The Parallel Lives of Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln,” noted that Douglass’ rhetoric changed over time. His severe criticism of Lincoln, sparked by his frustrations that the president didn’t move faster on emancipation, his conciliations to slaveholders, and his effort to colonize the slaves, softened after the Emancipation Proclamation, even though the two continued to disagree on many issues.Still, Stauffer argued, Douglass never believed that Lincoln or any single person was responsible for emancipation.“Neither Lincoln nor any other individual had freed the slaves,” Stauffer said. “Slaves freed themselves with help from Union soldiers, Republicans in Congress, Lincoln, and many others.”Where exactly Lincoln stood on the issue of race is a question that continues to engage scholars and historians. Theories range from Lincoln, the true abolitionist and great emancipator, to Lincoln, a white supremacist. Various speakers, including Edna Greene Medford, associate professor of history at Howard University, demonstrated that there is no easy solution to the question.Medford noted that Lincoln had a reputation for treating certain individual African Americans with dignity and respect, yet his attitude toward their race overall proved more ambiguous. His deference and great admiration for Douglass was well-documented, said Medford, but his opinion of slaves in general was more consistent with the prejudice of the times.“Lincoln shared with the Southern white man, indeed with white Americans in general, the caricatured image of black people that suggested not only limited intelligence but a kind of innate servility. The idea that the average slave could think for and elevate himself would have been difficult for him to comprehend.”Lincoln’s shrewd political savvy, the topic of a discussion by Matthew Pinsker, is revealed in much of Lincoln’s recently released correspondence, noted the historian and associate professor of history at Dickinson College.“Abraham Lincoln is a great moral force and his rhetoric is worth all the study that we give it, but I think that behind the speeches there is another side to Lincoln that deserves equal attention,” said Pinsker, who noted that in his letters Lincoln is constantly giving other politicians advice that reads more like “orders.”In her talk, author and historian Doris Kearns Goodwin offered a vivid image of a man with an almost inhuman capacity to rise above the corrupting influence of power, ambition, and personal enmity. His insight and intelligence, strength of character and decency, she said, allowed him to surround himself with his bitter enemies to help better the country.“The night of his election as president was the night he could not sleep, when he made the decision that would define his presidency: to put … [his] chief rivals in his cabinet,” said Goodwin.When asked how he could give his adversaries such power, Lincoln, Goodwin noted, offered a simple reply.“He said, ‘It’s simple. The country is in peril. These are the strongest men in the country. I need them by my side.’”Said Goodwin, “Lincoln offers us a template for leadership.” She noted that his ability to shoulder the blame for failure, an awareness of his own weaknesses, his readiness to share the credit for success with others, and his capacity to listen to alternative points of view were just some of the many qualities that made him a truly great leader.The discovery that surprised her most during research for her popular book “Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln” was Lincoln’s tremendous sense of humor, Goodwin remarked in an interview before her talk.When she began her research 10 years ago, she said, she didn’t appreciate “the extraordinary sense of humor he had and the extent to which he was able to laugh at himself and to get out of his sadness by either telling funny stories or going to the theater or going to a friend’s house or reading something. … I think we [historians] overplayed his depression and underplayed the [fact] that he knew how to get himself out of his sad moods. He had enormous resources.”[email protected]last_img read more

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Sudden weather shifts linked with more deaths

first_imgLots of heat waves and cold snaps can increase mortality rates, according to a new study from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.Previous studies have shown that more people die when it gets very hot or very cold. But those studies looked only at short-term death rates, so don’t shed light on the long-term effect of temperature on people’s life expectancy. The new study, published July 13, 2015 in Nature Climate Change, charted temperature and death rates among New England’s Medicare population—nearly 3 million people—zip code by zip code, from 2000-2008. The authors found that the more the weather varied from the norm, whether within a season or from year to year, death rates increased.“People do not adapt well to changes in temperature,” senior author Joel Schwartz, professor of environmental health, said in a July 13, 2015 interview on WBUR’s CommonHealth. He noted that temperature can affect blood pressure, lung function, and increase heart attack risk.“If the climate keeps bouncing around, going from 90 one day to 70 and then back up to 87—that is what puts the most stress on people’s bodies because they just don’t have time to adapt to the new temperature before it changes again,” Schwartz said. He said it’s important to better understand how climate change will impact temperature variability to assess the potential human health impacts. Read Full Storylast_img read more

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Youth justice study finds prison counterproductive

first_imgA new report, published by Harvard Kennedy School’s Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management (PCJ) and the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), documents ineffectiveness, endemic abuses, and high costs in youth prisons throughout the country. The report systematically reviews recent research in developmental psychology and widespread reports of abuse to conclude that the youth prison model should be replaced with a continuum of community-based programs and, for the few youth who require secure confinement, smaller homelike facilities that prioritize age-appropriate rehabilitation.The authors, who are leading youth justice researchers and former youth correctional administrators, find that the current youth prison model, which emphasizes confinement and control, often exacerbates youth trauma and inhibits positive growth while failing to address public safety.Rather, the paper argues, programs work best when youths are in their home communities with rehabilitative programs or in smaller, homelike facilities that promote opportunities for healthy decision-making and development. Corrections agencies should provide a range of options depending on the individual’s needs, from smaller secure facilities to noncustodial programs.Annual youth imprisonment costs are approximately $150,000 per individual, yet recidivism rates remain close to 70 percent. The report examines the experiences of several states that have pursued alternative models and finds community-based approaches can reduce recidivism, control costs, and promote public safety.“Youth in trouble need guidance, education, and support, not incarceration in harmful and ineffective youth prisons,” said PCJ Senior Fellow Vincent Schiraldi, a co-author of the report. Previously, Schiraldi directed juvenile corrections in Washington, D.C., and served as commissioner of probation in New York City. “We now know from research and on-the-ground experience that youth prisons are not designed to best promote youth rehabilitation. This report offers concrete alternatives for policymakers across the country to maintain public safety, hold young people accountable, and turn their lives around.”“Juvenile-justice systems must have the clear purpose of giving each youth the tools he or she needs to get on the right path to a successful adulthood and to reintegrate into the community,” said Patrick McCarthy, president and chief executive officer of the Annie E. Casey Foundation and a co-author of the report. Like Schiraldi, McCarthy is a former director of youth corrections — in his case, in Delaware. “By closing traditional youth prisons and leveraging increased political will to reform our country’s dependence on incarceration, states can use the savings to begin implementing a new, more effective approach to serving young people.”The report, authored by McCarthy, Schiraldi, and Miriam Shark, a former associate director at the Annie E. Casey Foundation, is one of several emerging from the Executive Session on Community Corrections at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. The Executive Sessions convene individuals of independent standing to take joint responsibility for rethinking and improving society’s responses to an issue.“The Future of Youth Justice: A Community-Based Alternative to the Youth Prison Model” will be presented today at the U.S. Department of Justice. A panel discussion with leading experts on community-based models for juvenile justice can be viewed via livestream from 10 a.m. to noon (EDT). This event is hosted by the United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs.last_img read more

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Coalition of Black clubs urges ND officials to take action against racism, hate

first_imgIn a statement released Friday the Notre Dame Black Student Association (BSA) called members of the University community to action in regards to racial injustice. The statement was signed by members of the BSA, Africana Studies Club, Black Business Association, Black Cultural Arts Council, Frontline, Multicultural Pre-Medicine Society, National Society of Black Engineers, Shades of Ebony and Wabruda.The statement identified six main areas for improved action, the first being amongst campus and local policing. In addition to annual extensive racial bias training, the statement requests the University inform the student body about instances of racial injustice that occur in the greater South Bend community.“We currently receive emails about thefts that happen in the area so there is a platform for which this action can occur,” the statement said. “Acknowledging a loss of life does not require a political stance and would further bridge the divide between Notre Dame and South Bend.”In regards to boundaries and challenges in student life, “Black students also face additional burdens as they interact with peers and faculty on campus,” the statement said.BSA implored the administration to recruit more students of color in an effort to make the student body more representative of the United States population.Additionally, the statement asked the administration to “reiterate the University’s intolerance to any act of discrimination and increase transparency when situations arise,” and for all students to strive to create an inclusive environment. In regards to mental health, the statement requests that the University pay better attention to the mental health of Black students as racial trauma prevails in daily life. The statement acknowledged virtual resources available from the University Counseling Center (UCC) regarding racial injustice, but stated that they were not adequate. “These responses are insufficient in terms of providing the correct form of help to its Black students who may experience an increase of anxiety and depression and overall uncertainty, during this time,” the statement said. The statement outlined three calls to action including the addition of more Black counselors to the UCC staff, the inclusion of mental health related questions to the Inclusive Campus Survey and for a more thorough plan of action for students to deal with situations, much like the current one. In regards to professors and staff, the statement asked the University to require professors to take diversity training and a cultural competency test prior to teaching in order to combat against professors who engage in problematic behavior that harms Black students.“Black students have made note of professors who allow other students to overstep boundaries, professors who force Black students to speak on subjects about Black struggles, or professors who make racist/prejudiced comments or allow other students to make them,” the statement said.The students urged the administration to commit to hiring more Black professors and administrators in every school and major in the University, as the lack of diversity makes it difficult for Black students to connect to their processors. In addition, the statement pointed out a retention issue for the few Black professors employed by the University, and asked the administration to provide more Black professors with an avenue for tenure. “Black professors have varied bodies of knowledge that are not only reflected in their research but the way that they structure their classes,” the statement said. “Even if they are not teaching subjects about race, Black students will still feel more comfortable contributing in class and going to office hours if their professors look like them.”While the Moreau First Year Experience includes units on privilege and cultural competency, the statement said these components “often fall short because of unfamiliarity from both students and instructors.”The statement urged all students to participate in these conversations rather than simply depending on students of color to contribute and offered structural changes to the course to make the units more effective. The statement suggested a cultural competency and privilege component to the end of semester capstone project for the fall and spring semesters, respectively, and proposed dedicating five classes to discussions regarding cultural competency, diversity and inclusion.Pointing to Notre Dame’s commitment to the principles of the Catholic Social Tradition (CST), the statement argued that the University “often fails to uphold these principles with respect to all aspects of human life and dignity.”While solidarity is one of the themes of CST, the statement said solidarity is “impossible when the largest stakeholder group of students in our community are not equipped with the ability and desire to fight against injustice.”As the majority of the University’s population is white and the median household income is among the highest for students around the country, a large portion of the student body is not equipped to understand the effects of socioeconomic inequality and racial injustice, the statement said. To combat this issue, the statement suggested professors in all schools incorporate discussions regarding racial justice into their curriculum and mandate students take at least two classes on race, social justice or multiculturalism.The statement also asked the University to support other pro-life events like Black Lives Matter marches in the same manner in which it supports the March for Life.To conclude the call to action, the writers thanked the University for the prayer service held in honor of George Floyd’s murder but asked Notre Dame to the continue to acknowledge social injustice and combat racism.“While we recognize and appreciate Fr. Hesburgh’s great contributions to the Civil Rights Movement, his legacy is so much more than a single picture,” the statement said. “It should inspire us to create new images of resistance and resilience instead of holding onto the past as proof of commitment.”Tags: Africana Studies Club, Black Business Association, Black Cultural Arts Council, Black Student Association, Frontline, Multicultural Pre-Medicine, National Society of Black Engineers, Racism, Shades of Ebony, Wabrudalast_img read more

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Suspect Arrested in 1999 Hicksville Murder

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Authorities have apprehended a 37-year-old man in Trinidad who allegedly gunned a man down at a Hicksville wedding 16 years ago, Nassau County police said.Interpol, the international police agency, arrested Balkumar Singh five months ago on a charge of second-degree murder.Homicide Squad detectives alleged Singh killed 19-year-old Abzal Khan following an argument with a guest at a wedding at the Masonic Temple on West Nicholai Street on June 13, 1999.After he was extradited back to the US to face the charge, U.S. Marshals escorted him to Long Island on Friday, police said.Singh will be arraigned Monday at Nassau County Court.last_img

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Digital payments drive the future of commerce

first_img ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading » Today’s consumer has come to expect an on-demand shopping experience that is quick, convenient and secure. Whether browsing in-store or online, customers are using digital technologies to get what they want—either to navigate the aisles of a big box store, or have an out-of-stock item delivered to their doorstep.And when they are finally ready to check out, they are often swiping, dipping, or tapping to pay.A recent study found that credit is the most preferred way to pay in the United States, and that only 11 percent of Americans prefer cash payments to credit and debit. Recent projections from Nilson show that overall payment card spend volume will continue to increase globally.Our job at Visa is to work with sellers to enable and shape the future of commerce. With more than 3.3 billion[1] cards worldwide, Visa reaches customers everywhere, and we can help merchants meet evolving consumer needs through the implementation of innovative payment experiences, such as scan-to-pay QR codes and tap-to-pay payments.last_img read more

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CFPB should tailor regulations, install leadership commission

first_imgThe Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (CFPB) execution of its regulatory agenda should ensure credit unions are able to provide efficient, safe and affordable products and services, CUNA wrote to the Senate Banking Committee. CFPB Director Kathy Kraninger appeared before the committee for her semi-annual testimony Tuesday.“America’s credit unions value the CFPB’s mission, ‘to make consumer financial markets work for consumers, responsible providers, and the economy as a whole.’ Unfortunately, credit unions’ ability to provide their members with high-quality and consumer-friendly financial products and services has been significantly impeded by several rules promulgated under past leadership,” the letter reads. “As mentioned above, the CFPB’s overly broad approach to rulemaking resulted in burdensome regulatory requirements being imposed on credit unions based on the mistakes and irresponsible practices of other industry stakeholders.”CUNA’s letter also reiterates its support for a bipartisan, multimember commission to lead the CFPB. Last week the U.S. Supreme Court heard a case related to CFPB leadership, and CUNA also supports a bill to replace the current single director with a commission. ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading »last_img read more

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Wenger: I won’t panic

first_imgManager Arsene Wenger maintains Arsenal will not “panic buy” as they look to strengthen a depleted squad in the closing days of the transfer window. Wenger, though, insisted as he prepared his side for Sunday’s north London derby against Tottenham, who have spent big this summer, that he was not about to embark upon a mad rush for any last-minute additions. “We will not panic buy, that is for sure. You can believe me. It is not in my strengths to panic,” said Wenger, who expects both midfielders Jack Wilshere and Aaron Ramsey to be available this weekend. “You need good players in every position, and especially you need an attitude and way to play the game. The players here know the way we want to play and that is important. If we can add players who can integrate with that style of play we will do it. “We work very hard on that, if we cannot we will not do anything stupid just for the sake of saying that we have done something. We do what makes sense or not, that is simple.” France international Flamini, 29, left the Emirates Stadium in 2008 to join AC Milan when his contract expired, but was released by the Italian side and on Thursday was confirmed as Arsenal’s second signing having trained at the club earlier this month. Wenger admitted once his injury crisis deepened, the prospect of bringing Flamini back looked more appealing. “At the start I didn’t want to sign him I am completely honest about it,” he said. “I didn’t envisage doing it. Circumstances and his attitude convinced me to do it. “I didn’t expect him to be in that mental state and in that physical shape. Our job has a great quality, it is a good teacher of humility, so you always have to be ready to change your mind, and he changed my mind.” Wenger, however, conceded the loss of Podolski was a major blow, the forward, who scored twice in the win at Fulham last weekend, limped out of the Champions League play-off win over Fenerbahce. “[It’s a] Grade Three hamstring [injury]. That means it’s eight to 10 weeks. It can be more – to be fully match fit, you can count three months,” the Arsenal boss said. Arsenal’s comfortable 5-0 aggregate win over the Turkish side saw them through to the group stages for the 16th successive campaign, where they will face 2013 runners-up Dortmund, Marseille and Napoli. Wenger said: “It is difficult, but exciting as well because it is a group of a very good level. “We played Dortmund two years ago. We did well against them and Napoli has done well last year. Marseille we played two years ago as well. “It is a similar group to what we knew two years ago, every game will be of a huge importance because it could be down to a point or goal difference in the end.” Wenger, however, stressed full focus must be on producing a positive performance at the Emirates Stadium once again, having lost the opening Barclays Premier League game to Aston Villa. “What is important for us is to get on a winning run. We have now [won the last three games we have played] so it is important we continue that,” said Wenger, who will have centre-back Laurent Koscielny available again following his one-match suspension after a red card against Villa. “It is a good opportunity for us to show our strengths against Tottenham because they have as well strengthened well their team. I am confident that we will have a very good performance.” With Germany forward Lukas Podolski, set for up to three months out because of a hamstring injury, joining England midfielder Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain and Mikel Arteta on the sidelines, Wenger has seen his options further reduced, despite Mathieu Flamini rejoining the club on Thursday. Arsenal, who failed in bids for Gonzalo Higuain, Luis Suarez and Yohan Cabaye earlier this summer, but did complete a free transfer of France Under-21 forward Yaya Sanogo, continue to be linked with the likes of Karim Benzema, Mesut Ozil and Angel Di Maria at Real Madrid, along with St Etienne defensive midfielder Joshua Guilavogui among others. Press Associationlast_img read more

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Wickham brace lifts Black Cats

first_img Fabio Borini made no mistake from the spot and, when substitute Emanuele Giaccherini added a third 14 minutes from time, the game was won, to the delight of the bulk of a crowd of 45,859. It was just Sunderland’s second league victory at the Stadium of Light in 11 attempts and the first time they had put together back-to-back wins in almost three months. But more importantly, it lifted them from the foot of the table and out of the bottom three, albeit only on goal difference, as they leapfrogged Cardiff, Fulham and Norwich. Their ability to stay there will be severely tested at Manchester United next weekend, but with West Brom and Swansea to come on Wearside in the final two fixtures of an eventful campaign, their fate is at least in their own hands. Cardiff will return to the north-east on Saturday to face Newcastle before a final-day clash with Chelsea in South Wales knowing they will almost certainly need to win at least one of those games to survive. Both sides ran out knowing victory would take the winners out of the drop zone, but it was Sunderland who took the game by the scruff of the neck as they refused to let the momentum gained from last weekend’s heroics at Stamford Bridge slip away. Typified by pugnacious midfielder Lee Cattermole, they met the Bluebirds head-on from the first whistle in front of a bumper crowd which turned up knowing exactly what was at stake and determined to play its part. Full-back Marcos Alonso saw a third-minute snapshot blocked at source and Wickham tested keeper David Marshall at his near-post seconds later with a drive from an unlikely angle. But Cardiff managed to weather the early storm and responded by winning a series of corners of their own and from one of them, midfielder Mats Daehli screwed a shot high and wide to remind the Black Cats that they would not have things all their own way. However, the tide changed once again after 26 minutes when Wickham was left unaccompanied beyond the far post to meet Sebastian Larsson’s corner and head it back across goal and inside the upright to open the scoring. There was a tangible sense of relief on Wearside, albeit one tinged with the knowledge that there was a long way to go both on the afternoon and in the race for survival. Jordon Mutch, Santiago Vergini and Gary Medel all went into referee Phil Dowd’s notebook as tempers frayed, but it was Cala who was to incur the official’s wrath as the half drew to a close. The defender’s poor touch allowed Wickham to steal in and he instinctively dragged the striker back, initially outside the box. Wickham stayed on his feet and Dowd played an advantage, but when the attack came to nothing, he pointed to the spot and produced a red card, much to Cala’s horror. Borini nervelessly converted from 12 yards to double Sunderland’s lead and give them real hope of escaping the drop. Bluebirds boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer replaced Don Cowie with Wilfried Zaha at the break and asked midfielder Medel to slot in alongside skipper Steven Caulker at the heart of his back four, and they found themselves under concerted pressure once again as the home side went for the kill. Borini curled a 50th-minute effort wide of the far post and full-back Kevin Theophile-Catherine survived penalty appeals for a challenge on Adam Johnson seconds later. But Cardiff refused to lie down and die and, despite their numerical disadvantage, launched a fightback which saw Mutch head across the face of goal from a 57th-minute corner. Goalkeeper Vito Mannone was called upon for the first time to keep out Peter Whittingham’s deflected free-kick seven minutes later, but Borini might have wrapped up the win 18 minutes from time had Marshall not pulled off a fine instinctive save to keep out his shot from Jack Colback’s cross. Giaccherini’s smart 76th-minute finish put the result beyond doubt and Wickham applied the icing to the cake with four minutes remaining when he headed home the Italy international’s corner. Connor Wickham made it five goals in three games as Sunderland eased themselves out of the Barclays Premier League relegation zone with victory over 10-man Cardiff. Press Association The 21-year-old, who has spent much of the season on loan in the Sky Bet Championship, headed the Black Cats into a 26th-minute lead to add to the double he scored at Manchester City and his strike in last weekend’s 2-1 win at Chelsea, and then sealed the win with a late header. He played a key role in the second goal, too, as he forced defender Juan Cala into the ill-judged challenge which cost him a red card and his side a penalty. last_img read more

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 FCT Schools Hold Maiden Combined Taekwondo Training

first_imgBy Olawale Ajimotokan in AbujaFour public schools in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) blazed the trail at the weekend when they held a joint training section on Taekwondo under the auspices of the Korean Cultural Centre with support from Korea Sports Promotion FoundationThe beneficiaries were Maitama Model Primary School, LEA Wuse 3 Primary School, LEA Wuse 5 Zone 1      Primary School and Model Junior Primary School, Maitama. The first combined Taekwondo training was coordinated by instructors from the Korean Cultural Centre, led by coach Mohammed Abdulmalik, a four degree blacker and taekwondo international referee.They were introduced to more advanced trainings and competitive activities that include Olympic-style sparring and Pomsae (forms) as well as to acquaint students with upcoming events.It was the first time the schools will come together for a combined training since the Korean Cultural Centre Nigeria in partnership with FCT Universal Basic Education Board in 2014 introduced Taekwondo in public schools in FCT.The programme is intended to expand and cover more schools within FCT. Abdulmalik, who boasted Nigeria will win a gold medal at Tokyo 2020 Olympics, said that they are considering holding a public school taekwondo tournament to enable the schools compete among one and others.“This programme was organised as most of them have not yet got the knowledge of how to use chest protector and are learning it. Taekwondo helps children build confidence, enhances discipline, sharpens mental alertness, enhances self-esteem, strengthens the mind and body and teaches self-defence. The whole essence of the program is to support grassroots sports and youth development in Nigeria and further strengthen the bilateral ties between the Republic of Korea and Nigeria and also make the coordinators to be part of the programme,”Ábdulmalik declared.He said the success of the programme in the next four years will depend on the commitment of the coaches and ability to attract more stakeholders into assisting the development of taekwondo.A teacher from LEA Primary School, Wuse 5 Zone 1, Mrs Rebecca Nweke, said 20 students from her school attended the training. She said taekwondo has a way of shaping students’ character, to control their emotion and use the game for self-defence.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegramlast_img read more